The online world is awash with not-so-helpful essay writing advice, rendering it tricky for students to obtain the advice they want when writing essays. So our experts that are academic written the following tips for you to utilise before and whilst crafting your essay, to make sure your writing hits the mark.
Comprehend the question
This might, at the face of it, seem like somewhat banal advice – but fact of the matter is that failing to properly comprehend the question set is regarded as, if not the most common reason for a disappointing grade with regards to essay writing. Are you currently being asked to critically evaluate something? Compare and contrast? Analyse a circumstance that is particular? Evaluate the usefulness of a particular concept?
These are some of the common phrases found in essay questions, and every indicates a different set of expectations. If you should be asked to critically evaluate a particular theoretical approach, as an example, you have to gain an awareness not merely of said theory, but additionally other common approaches. They must all be weighed against each other, highlighting the relative strengths and weaknesses of each and every theory and, importantly, you must started to a well-justified and confident conclusion. May be the theory good? What are its flaws? Just how can it be improved?
You don’t necessarily need to go into as much critical depth if you are asked to evaluate the usefulness of something, however. Yes, you need to still acknowledge alternative approaches, and yes, you should still note some strengths and weaknesses – nevertheless the almost all the job must emphasise the concepts practical usefulness. Probably the approach that is best is to locate one, or a couple of, case studies in which the theory has been utilized – what was the outcome with this? Does the effective use of the theory reveal any particular shortcomings, or strengths?
“Compare and contrast” essays, meanwhile, are essentially a hybrid regarding the above – you need to take a critical approach and measure the literature, but your focus has to remain solidly in the theories that you have already been asked to compare and contrast. You will need to show which you understand both (or all) core theories in great depth, both on a theoretical and applied level.
In essence, the wording of the essay question shall inform you how the essay must be written. It will indicate where the focus of the essay should lie as you write and research.
Plan and schedule
Understanding the real question is step one, but it is equally important that you make efficient use of the available time. Students often underestimate the amount of work expected to write an excellent essay, which leads to a few things: (1) late nights during the library, and (2) a disappointing grade. You should start planning your essay the moment you receive the essay question if you want to achieve a good mark. Listed here table might be a aid that is useful
|Understand the question||(Insert date)|
|Map the essay chapters||(Insert date)|
|Collect articles||(Insert date)|
|Read and take notes||(Insert date)|
|Start writing||(Insert date)|
|Finish draft that is firstInsert date)|
|turn in||(Insert date)|
By setting deadlines that you won’t be left with too much work right before your hand-in date for yourself and committing to stick to them, you are ensuring. It’s also essential that you leave time, ideally a few days, between finishing your draft that is first and.
Perfect theories and academic approaches are rare – the clear almost all theories, arguments, and studies have flaws. Being descriptive is fine if you’re seeking to scrape a pass, but also for an increased grade you will need to show that you will be able to leverage critical reasoning in your coping with academic materials. Do you know the limitations associated with theories you will be drawing on? How have these been dealt with in the literature? How can they impact the caliber of arguments presented, also to what extent do they limit our comprehension of what you are actually studying? What alternate explanations might offer additional depth?
Critical thinking is what could make your essay get noticed. It shows the marker throughout your studies, but actually engaging with theories in an academic manner that you are not simply repeating the arguments that have been fed to you. A good option to practice it is to cover careful attention when reading literature reviews in published articles – you will find that authors don’t simply summarise previous studies, but offer a critique ultimately causing a gap with their own research.
Structure, focus and flow
The manner in which you present your argument ‘s almost as important due to the fact argument itself, and that’s why it really is imperative that your particular essay follows a logical structure. A vintage word of advice is always to “tell them what you are actually planning to let them know, then tell them, and tell them that which you told them” – this, in essence, summarises the core introduction, main body, and conclusion structure of one’s essay.
Having an obvious and logical structure will help ensure that your essay stays focused, and doesn’t stray from the question being answered. Each section, paragraph, and sentence should add value to the argument you are presenting. When you are writing, it’s good to take a step back and ask yourself “what value performs this sentence/section add? How can it backlink to my overarching argument?” That you can’t answer that question, there is a high risk that you have strayed from your core argument, and you may want to reconsider the path you are taking if you find.
Its also wise to ensure that all the various components of your essay fit together as a cohesive and logical whole, and that the transition from a single argument to another is fluid. Students often treat essays as lists of arguments, presenting one after the other with little to no consideration for how they fit together, which inevitably contributes to a lesser grade. Remember to tell your reader why you will be transitioning from one argument to another, why these are typically in this particular order, and how each argument helps shed light on a particular element of what you’re discussing.
If you should be still not one hundred percent sure, it is almost always smart to skip into the conclusion – this usually contains a detailed summary regarding the study, which can help determine whether you ought to see the article in general. You don’t want to spend your time reading through and endless wide range of articles simply to realize that they aren’t actually relevant. Once you have identified a few essay writing solid articles, you need to (a) go through their bibliographies and take note of who they are citing, since these articles will likely be of value for your own research; and (b) check on Google Scholar to see that has cited them. To get this done, simply input the true name of the article when you look at the search bar and hit enter. Within the results, click “cited by” – this can return a summary of most of the articles that have cited the publication you looked for.
It’s important that you haven’t engaged with the wider literature that you don’t rely too heavily on one or a couple of texts, as this indicates to the marker. You ought to be particularly careful in using course books (for example. “introduction to management” and the like), as these are essentially summaries of other people’s work.
Quoting, paraphrasing and plagiarism
Academic writing requires a careful balance between novel argument, and drawing on arguments presented by others. Writing a completely ‘novel’ essay, without drawing in one source, indicates that you haven’t made yourself acquainted with what has already been published; citing someone for every point made suggests that you haven’t produced a novel argument. As such, it is important you are making a statement of fact, or drawing on arguments, frameworks, and theories presented by other academics that you provide evidence (a credible citation) when. These, in turn, should offer the overarching novel argument that you yourself are making.