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Adjectives and Adverbs
Definition – Adjectives are words that describe nouns or pronouns. They could come ahead of the word they describe (That is a lovely puppy.) or they may stick to the word they describe (That puppy is cute.).
Adverbs are words that modify everything but nouns and pronouns. They modify adjectives, verbs, and other adverbs. A word is an adverb if it answers how, when, or where.
The adverbs that are only cause grammatical problems are those that answer the question how, so we will concentrate on these.
He speaks slowly.
Answers the relevant question how.
He speaks very slowly.
Answers the question how slowly.
Generally, if a expressed word answers the question how, it is an adverb. If it can have an ly put into it, place it there.
She thinks slow/slowly.
She thinks how? slowly.
This woman is a slow/slowly thinker.
Slow does not answer how so no ly is attached. Slow is an adjective here.
She thinks fast/fastly.
Fast answers the relevant question how, therefore it is an adverb. But fast never has an ly mounted on it.
We performed bad/badly.
Badly describes how we performed.
A special ly rule applies when four regarding the senses – taste, smell, https://ultius.ws look, feel – are the verbs. Try not to ask if these senses answer comprehensively the question just how to determine if ly must be attached. Instead, ask in the event that sense verb has been used actively. If so, use the ly.
Roses smell sweet/sweetly.
Perform some roses actively smell with noses? No, so no ly.
The lady looked angry/angrily.
Did the woman actively look with eyes or are we describing her appearance?
We are only describing appearance, so no ly.
The woman looked angry/angrily at the paint splotches.
Here the girl did look with eyes actively therefore the ly is added.
She feels bad/badly concerning the news.
This woman is not feeling with fingers, so no ly.
Your message good is an while that is adjective is an adverb answering the question how.
You did a good job.
Good describes the work.
You did the working job well.
Well answers how.
Today you smell good.
Describes your odour, not the method that you smell together with your nose, so follow aided by the adjective.
You smell well for someone with a cold.
You are actively smelling with a nose here so follow with the adverb.
When talking about health, use well always.
Examples I do not feel great.
Today you do not look well.
You may use good with feel while you are not talking about health.
Personally I think good about my decision to learn Spanish.
A error that is common using adjectives and adverbs comes from using the wrong form for comparison. For example, to explain the one thing we would say poor, such as, “She is poor.” To compare a couple of things, we have to say poorer, as with, “this woman is the poorer of this two women.” To compare a lot more than two things, we must say poorest, as with, “She is the poorest of them all.”
- More efficient*
Three or maybe more
- Most efficient *
*Usually with words of three or higher syllables, don’t add -er or -est. Use more or most in front regarding the words.
Never drop the ly from an adverb while using the comparison form.
She spoke quickly.
She spoke more quickly than he did.
She spoke quicker than he did.
Talk more quietly.
When this, that, these, and those are accompanied by nouns, these are typically adjectives. If they appear without a noun following them, they truly are pronouns.
This house is for sale.
This can be an adjective here.
This is certainly on the market.
This might be a pronoun here.
This and that are singular, if they are increasingly being used as adjectives or as pronouns. This points to something nearby while that points to something “over there.”
This dog is mine.
That dog is hers.
This really is mine.
This is certainly hers.
These and the ones are plural, whether or not they are now being used as adjectives or as pronouns. These points to something nearby while those points to something “over there.”
These babies have already been smiling for a long time.
These are mine.
Those babies have been crying all night.
Those are yours.
Use than to show comparison. Use then to resolve the question when.
I would personally rather go skiing than rock climbing.
First we went skiing; then we went mountain climbing